The rural, suburban, and urban contexts of British Columbia differ greatly in history, industry, and demography. As a result, our work is mindful of these features, especially as:

  • The largest non-religiously affiliated population in any Canadian province and territory resides in BC;
  • Approximately 6% of the population in BC is comprised of Indigenous individuals – more than double the population percentage in Ontario and Quebec in 2016 (Statistics Canada, 2018); and,
  • The largest Sikh population in Canada resides in BC.


Total population in private households by religion, in BC (2011)
Source: Statistics Canada. 2013. British Columbia (Code 59) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.